- GLOSSARY OF VOLCANIC TERMS
A type of volcanic eruption characterized by a ground hugging glowing avalanche (pyroclastic flow) resulting from a mixture of hot volcanic gases, ash, and incandescent lava fragments. Pelean eruptions may occur when pyroclasts are blown out of a central volcanic vent and then collapse onto the earth's surface to form a pyroclastic flow (Tilling, 1985). Pelean eruptions may also occur as a result of the explosive disintegration of a lava dome (as was the case for the lava dome on Mt. Pelee, Martinique in 1902).
Glossary of volcanic terms. - University of Wisconsin Oshkosh. G. J. Hudak. 2001.
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pelean eruption — after the 1902 eruption of Mount Pele in Martinique, an extremely violent eruption that begins with an explosive pyroclastic cloud … Geography glossary
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Mount Pelée — Mount Pelee Elevation 1,397 m (4,583 ft) … Wikipedia
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